By singing “Way down among Brazilians, coffee beans grow by the billions“, he could not put it more simply. From a historical point of view, South America has always been one of the largest exporters and producers of coffee. Although countries like Colombia and Brazil have always lead, Bolivia, Ecuador, Nicaragua, Peru and others are becoming well-known for their quality origins as well. Moreover, not only are the South American coffee farms some of the biggest, but, the quality of their coffee beans are some of the best. Consequently, and not surprisingly, the world’s largest suppliers’ blends are a selection of beans from South American coffee plantations.
The South American climate has a huge impact on the flavour of coffee as well, Brazilian coffee tends to have smooth, light and fruity flavours. So how do Brazilian coffees differ from coffee grown in other regions in the world?The answer is simple –it is not grown at high altitudes.
Compared to Central America, Colombia and East Africa where coffee is grown at 5000 feet and higher, Brazilian coffee grows much lower down at an altitude ranging from 2000 feet to 4000 feet. The difference this altitude has on Brazilian coffee results in lower levels of acidity in the coffee beans themselves.
The most traditional Brazilian coffees as well as coffees most likely to be served in specialty coffee stores, are dried inside the fruit (mainly dry-processed ) so that the bean carries some of the fruit’s natural sweetness
Dry-processing has its pros and cons. As most classic Brazilian beans are dried from inside the fruit, there is a high risk that the seed or bean is held hostage. If so, the coffee will taste rotten or fermented. Nevertheless, South American farmers still decide to take the risk in their attempt to achieve the full round flavouredand sweet fruitiness of the best dry-processed coffees around.For example, farmers at El Limocillo farm located in Matalgapa in Nicaragua, growtheir coffee to perfection. To prove this, they ended up being 2nd in the world respected competition – Cup of excellence.
If you would like to taste some of the best South American dry-processed coffee, there is one independent roaster worth mentioning – Has Bean Coffee . Speaking from our own experience, we are sure that everyone will find their favourite from the variety they offer. Not excluding the two, which are dear to our hearts – Jailbreak blend, which we think is perfect for espresso machines right through to anyone who enjoys their coffee at home and the Costa Rica Bella Vista Yellow Honey blend which is a morning favourite of ours.